Bangalore ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು / बैंगलोर

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For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Mangalore....

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This is BangaloreBangalore

Bengaluru Megacity Bengaluru Clockwise from top: UB City, Infosys, Glass house at Lal Bagh, Vidhana Soudha, Shiva statue, Bagmane Tech Park Clockwise from top: UB City, Infosys, Glass house at Lal Bagh, Vidhana Soudha, Shiva statue, Bagmane Tech Park Nicknames: Silicon Valley of India,[1] Garden City[2] Bengaluru is located in KarnatakaBengaluruBengaluru Location in Karnataka Show map of Karnataka Show map of India Show all Coordinates: 12°59′N 77°35′ECoordinates: 12°59′N 77°35′E Country India State Karnataka Region Bayaluseemé District Bangalore Urban Established 1537 Founded by Kempegowda Government • Type Municipal Corporation • Body BBMP • Mayor Gangambike Mallikarjun( Indian National Congress ) • Commissioner N Manjunatha Prasad[3] Area[4][5] • Megacity 709 km2 (274 sq mi) • Metro 8,005 km2 (3,091 sq mi) Elevation[6] 920 m (3,020 ft) Population (2017)[7] • Megacity 12,339,447 • Density 17,000/km2 (45,000/sq mi) • Urban[8] 10,456,000 • Rank[9] 5th Demonym(s) Bangalorean Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST) Pincode(s) 560 xxx Area code(s) +91-(0)80 Vehicle registration KA-01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 41, 50, 51, 52, 53, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61 Metro GDP $45 to $83 billion (PPP)[10][11][12] Official language Kannada[13] Website Bangalore (/bæŋɡəˈlɔːr/), officially known as Bengaluru[14] ([ˈbeŋɡəɭuːɾu] (About this soundlisten)), is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. It has a population of over ten million,[8] making it a megacity and the third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration in India.[15] It is located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau at an elevation of over 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, which is the highest among India's major cities.[16]

A succession of South Indian dynasties, the Western Gangas, the Cholas and the Hoysalas, ruled the present region of Bangalore until in 1537 CE, Kempé Gowdā – a feudal ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire – established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bangalore. In 1638, the Marāthās conquered and ruled Bangalore for almost 50 years, after which the Mughals captured and sold the city to the Mysore Kingdom of the Wadiyar dynasty. It was captured by the British after victory in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799), who returned administrative control of the city to the Maharaja of Mysore. The old city developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore and was made capital of the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj....

In 1809, the British shifted their cantonment to Bangalore, outside the old city, and a town grew up around it, which was governed as part of British India. Following India's independence in 1947, Bangalore became the capital of Mysore State, and remained capital when the new Indian state of Karnataka was formed in 1956. The two urban settlements of Bangalore – city and cantonment – which had developed as independent entities merged into a single urban centre in 1949. The existing Kannada name, Bengalūru, was declared the official name of the city in 2006..

Bangalore is sometimes referred to as the "Silicon Valley of India" (or "IT capital of India") because of its role as the nation's leading information technology (IT) exporter.[1][17][18] Indian technological organisations ISRO, Infosys, Wipro and HAL are headquartered in the city. A demographically diverse city, Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India.[19] Bangalore has one of the most highly educated workforces in the world.[20] It is home to many educational and research institutions in India, such as Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Indian Institute of Management (Bangalore) (IIMB), International Institute of Information Technology, Bangalore (IIITB), National Institute of Fashion Technology, Bangalore, National Institute of Design, Bangalore (NID R&D Campus), National Law School of India University (NLSIU) and National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS). Numerous state-owned aerospace and defence organisations, such as Bharat Electronics, Hindustan Aeronautics and National Aerospace Laboratories are located in the city. The city also houses the Kannada film industry..

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