Kolkata কলকাতা / कोलकाता

This is not for Regular visitor please follow the symbol to go for Business Directory of Kolkata !Click here.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the city. For other uses, see Kolkata (disambiguation). "Calcutta" redirects here. For other uses, see Calcutta (disambiguation)...

kolkata />
This is KolkataKolkata

Kolkata Calcutta Megacity Clockwise from top: Victoria Memorial, St. Paul's Cathedral, central business district, Howrah Bridge, city tram line, Vidyasagar Bridge Clockwise from top: Victoria Memorial, St. Paul's Cathedral, central business district, Howrah Bridge, city tram line, Vidyasagar Bridge Nickname(s): City of Joy Cultural Capital of India[1][2][3] Kolkata is located in West BengalKolkataKolkata Location of Kolkata in West Bengal Show map of West Bengal Show map of India Show map of Earth Show all Coordinates: 22°34′N 88°22′ECoordinates: 22°34′N 88°22′E Country India State West Bengal Division Presidency District Kolkata[A] Government • Type Municipal Corporation • Body KMC • Mayor Firhad Hakim • Sheriff Ranjit Mallick[4] • Police commissioner Rajeev Kumar[5] Area[6][7] • Megacity 205.00 km2 (79.150 sq mi) • Metro 1,886.67 km2 (728.45 sq mi) Elevation 9 m (30 ft) Population (2011)[6][8] • Megacity 4,496,694 • Rank 7th • Density 22,000/km2 (57,000/sq mi) • Metro[9][10] 14,112,536 14,617,882 (Extended UA) • Metro rank 3rd Demonyms Kolkatan Calcuttan Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST) ZIP code(s) 700 001 to 700 162 Area code(s) +91-33 Vehicle registration WB 01 to WB 10, WB 19 to WB 22 UN/LOCODE IN CCU Metro GDP/PPP $60–150 billion[11][12][13] Official languages Bengali[14] Website www.kmcgov.in The Kolkata metropolitan area also includes portions of North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Nadia, and Hooghly districts. See: Urban structure. Bengali This article contains Bengali text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols. Kolkata /koʊlˈkɑːtə/ ([kolkata] (About this soundlisten), also known as Calcutta /kælˈkʌtə/, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River approximately 75 kilometres (47 mi) west of the border with Bangladesh, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. The city is widely regarded as the "cultural capital" of India, and is also nicknamed the "City of Joy".[1][2][3] In 2011, the city had a population of 4.5 million, while the population of the city and its suburbs was 14.1 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India. Recent estimates of Kolkata Metropolitan Area's economy have ranged from $60 to $150 billion (GDP adjusted for purchasing power parity) making it third most-productive metropolitan area in India, after Mumbai and Delhi.[11][12][13]

In the late 17th century, the three villages that predated Calcutta were ruled by the Nawab of Bengal under Mughal suzerainty. After the Nawab granted the East India Company a trading licence in 1690,[15] the area was developed by the Company into an increasingly fortified trading post. Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah occupied Calcutta in 1756, and the East India Company retook it the following year. In 1793 the East India company was strong enough to abolish Nizamat (local rule), and assumed full sovereignty of the region. Under the company rule, and later under the British Raj, Calcutta served as the capital of British-held territories in India until 1911, when its perceived geographical disadvantages, combined with growing nationalism in Bengal, led to a shift of the capital to New Delhi. Calcutta was the centre for the Indian independence movement; it remains a hotbed of contemporary state politics. Following Indian independence in 1947, Kolkata, which was once the centre of modern Indian education, science, culture, and politics, suffered several decades of economic stagnation...

As a nucleus of the 19th- and early 20th-century Bengal Renaissance and a religiously and ethnically diverse centre of culture in Bengal and India, Kolkata has local traditions in drama, art, film, theatre, and literature. Many people from Kolkata—among them several Nobel laureates—have contributed to the arts, the sciences, and other areas. Kolkata culture features idiosyncrasies that include distinctively close-knit neighbourhoods (paras) and freestyle intellectual exchanges (adda). West Bengal's share of the Bengali film industry is based in the city, which also hosts venerable cultural institutions of national importance, such as the Academy of Fine Arts, the Victoria Memorial, the Asiatic Society, the Indian Museum and the National Library of India. Among professional scientific institutions, Kolkata hosts the Agri Horticultural Society of India, the Geological Survey of India, the Botanical Survey of India, the Calcutta Mathematical Society, the Indian Science Congress Association, the Zoological Survey of India, the Institution of Engineers, the Anthropological Survey of India and the Indian Public Health Association. Though home to major cricketing venues and franchises, Kolkata differs from other Indian cities by giving importance to association football and other sports.

The word Kolkata derives from the Bengali term Kôlikata (Bengali: কলিকাতা) [ˈkɔlikat̪a], the name of one of three villages that predated the arrival of the British, in the area where the city eventually was to be established; the other two villages were Sutanuti and Govindapur.[16] There are several explanations about the etymology of this name: The term Kolikata is thought to be a variation of Kalikkhetrô [ˈkalikʰːet̪rɔ] (Bengali: কালীক্ষেত্র), meaning "Field of [the goddess] Kali". Similarly, it can be a variation of 'Kalikshetra' (Sanskrit: कालीक्षेत्र, lit. "area of Goddess Kali"). Another theory is that the name derives from Kalighat.[17].

The name may have its origin in the words khal [ˈkʰal] (Bengali: খাল) meaning "canal", followed by kaṭa [ˈkata] (Bengali: কাটা), which may mean "dug".[19] According to another theory, the area specialised in the production of quicklime or koli chun [ˈkɔlitɕun] (Bengali: কলি চুন) and coir or kata [ˈkat̪a] (Bengali: কাতা); hence, it was called Kolikata [ˈkɔlikat̪a] (Bengali: কলিকাতা).[18] Although the city's name has always been pronounced Kolkata [ˈkolkat̪a] (Bengali: কলকাতা) or Kôlikata [ˈkɔlikat̪a] (Bengali: কলিকাতা) in Bengali, the anglicised form Calcutta was the official name until 2001, when it was changed to Kolkata in order to match Bengali pronunciation.[20] (It should be noted that "Calcutt" is an etymologically unrelated place name found at several locations in England.).

Articles and topics related to Kolkata

Thanks for Visit us :-

Above Information tekan from wikipedia.org
for any query e-mail us at info@khojinindia.com
or You can give feedback suggestion by click the below
This way Please !!!